Wednesday, 17 October, 2018

HPV Vaccination Now Available To Ages 27 To 45

ImagesA computer illustration of human papilloma virus ImagesA computer illustration of human papilloma virus
Samantha Long | 12 October, 2018, 02:38

The FDA approved the vaccine Gardasil, the predecessor to Gardasil 9, in 2006.

Brown explained that previous research has shown that HPV, in general, was linked to HIV infection, but his research team looked at infection with 37 HPV types and found that individual types are linked, "which is more specific than saying HPV is linked".

In a survey returned by more than 1,900 medical students and 1,000 residents, recognition of the link between HPV and cervical cancer was almost universal, but only about half of the respondents were aware of the relationship between HPV and head and neck cancer, Benjamin Laitman, MD, PhD, of the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City, reported here at the 2018 meeting of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation.

She added: "There is a whole generation of people we were missing who didnt know about it. Doctors werent good at talking about it". The virus has many strains.

A wart typically will appear three weeks to eight months after an infection, and most people who contract HPV don't know they're infected and don't develop symptoms. That left many people without protection from the extremely common human papilloma virus, which can cause cervical cancer in women and a type of throat cancer in men.

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The vaccine has been shown to prevent cancers and other diseases caused by the 9 types of HPV: 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58.

"Even if the vaccine is not provided before sexual debut, there can be strong benefit if given at any time to prevent HPV-associated disease and also HIV", he said.

The vaccine is Gardasil 9, made by Merck, and had been previously approved for minors and people up to age 26. In a study, Gardasil was proven to be 88 percent effective in the prevention of persistent infections of HPV, genital warts, vulvar precancerous lesions, vaginal precancerous lesions, cervical precancerous lesions, and cervical cancer. Gardasil 9 prevents certain cancers and diseases, including, in women, cervical cancer, vaginal and vulvar cancers, anal cancers, precancerous cervical, vaginal, vulvar and anal lesions, as well as genital warts. That vaccine, which prevents malignancies causes by types of HPV, is no longer distributed in the United States. Typically, the virus is cleared through the body's immune system.

The study involved about 3,200 women, aged 27 to 45.

This expanded Gardasil 9 approval is based on new data from a long-term follow-up study. Additionally, recipients of GARDASIL 9 should not discontinue anal cancer screening if it has been recommended by a health care provider. Only about 60% of teens in the USA have initiated the HPV vaccine "so it's imperative that our physicians are adequately counseling patients on the manifestations of HPV", said Laitman.

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