Near-record 'Dead Zone' forecast for Gulf of Mexico
Near-record 'Dead Zone' forecast for Gulf of Mexico
Rows of farm land near Holly Bluff Miss. are covered with backwater flooding last month
12 June, 2019, 23:13
Because of fertilizer use, agricultural lands contain high amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus, two of the main ingredients in fertilizers.
Scientists said heavy rain this spring is likely part of the reason for the predicted size. In the past May, discharge in the MS and Atchafalaya rivers was about 67 percent above the long-term average between 1980 and 2018, according to USGS.
The annual Gulf of Mexico "slow zone" - a device of oxygen-depleted water off the Louisiana and Texas coasts that's execrable to sea life - would possibly perhaps perhaps be the second-largest on chronicle this summer season, scientists announced Monday.
According to the scientists, they expect the zone to be around 7,829 square miles, which is roughly the size of MA.
This could furthermore be measured right through an annual July cruise by Nancy Rabalais of the Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium.
It is estimated that the amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus entering the Gulf of Mexico this year will be 18 to 49 percent above average\, according to Business Insider. The Gulf supplies 72 percent of USA harvested shrimp, 66 percent of harvested oysters, and 16 percent of commercial fish.
"While this year's zone will be larger than usual because of the flooding, the long-term trend is still not changing", University of MI aquatic ecologist Don Scavia, professor emeritus at the School for Environment and Sustainability, said in a news release.
Those fertilizers contain nitrates and phosphorous, which go into the Mississippi River water and empties into the Gulf.
The gulf dead zone is primarily the result of nutrient pollution. "This year's historic and sustained river flows will test the accuracy of these models in extreme conditions, which are likely to occur more frequently in the future, according to the latest National Climate Assessment".
According to researchers, a dead zone is known as hypoxia which means the body of water doesn't have enough oxygen to support marine life.
NOAA issues a dead zone forecast each year and refines the models used by the Hypoxia Task Force to set nutrient reduction targets and better understand the link between hypoxia and nutrients.
Rabalais has been measuring the hypoxic zone since 1985.
The record set in 2017 is 8,776 square miles (22,700 square kilometers), a bit smaller than Turkey.
Today is the day for the 2019 Gulf of Mexico #deadzone prediction.
They say that the footage was sent to them anonymously. 'If they bring the numbers way down, we won't have to use it. The video was filmed in a border town that is less than half a mile away from the US-Mexico border.
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