Monday, 14 October, 2019

Measles is still 'eliminated' in America… barely, CDC says

New Zealand exports measles to US New Zealand measles reaches United States
Samantha Long | 08 October, 2019, 21:41

There have been 1,249 confirmed cases reported of measles from January 1, 2019 to Tuesday, October 1. When measles is imported into a highly vaccinated community, outbreaks either do not happen or are usually small.

"Our Nation's successful public health response to this recent measles outbreak is a testament to the commitment and effectiveness of state and local health departments, and engaged communities across the country", said Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Director Dr. Robert R. Redfield in the HHS press release. Usually measles is not a unsafe disease, but this year 10% of the people who came down with it were hospitalized and one case ended up with encephalitis, a serious brain infection. The announcement came just 1 day after health officials in New York State declared the end of the Rockland County outbreak, which persisted for almost 1 year.

HHS Secretary Alex Azar, said the agency is pleased that the measles outbreak has ended in NY state and measles is still considered to be eliminated in the US.

As measles outbreaks continue to occur in countries around the world, there always remains a risk of measles being imported into the US, the CDC said.

BREAKING NEWS Parents Appeal to US Diplomat
Speaking on the BBC's Victoria Derbyshire programme, Dunn's mother, Charlotte Charles, said: 'If she had stayed. She pleaded to the American woman: "Please just come back".

119 of these cases required hospitalization, and 61 patients reported complications including pneumonia and encephalitis.

Health officials are blaming the anti-vaccine movement for nearly costing the United States its measles elimination status, a landmark achievement in health that has stood for nearly 20 years. He said, "T$3 here are no longer any active [measles] cases in NY ... associated with the initial ... outbreak from October 2018".

A measles outbreak that threatened NY for a year was finally declared defeated this week, allowing the country to keep its status as having eliminated measles, a goal that was first achieved in 2000. The MMR vaccine protects against measles, mumps, and rubella, with the CDC recommending the first dose of the vaccine being given to children between 12 and 15 months, and then a second dose again between ages 4 and 6. Zucker said state health officials are remaining "vigilant" and investigating new measles cases that are unrelated to the state's initial outbreaks. We want to emphasize that vaccines are safe. One dose of the vaccine is 93% effective at preventing measles, and two doses are 97% effective against the disease. Out of 500,000 measles cases that were reported every year before the vaccine became widespread, 48,000 would be hospitalized, and around 500 people would die.

In the decade before 1963 when a vaccine became available, according to the CDC, almost all children got measles by the time they were 15 years of age.

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