Monday, 14 October, 2019

Three scientists share 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics

Their pioneering work carried out in the 1990s and early 2000s has opened up new strategies to fight diseases from cancer to anemia Their pioneering work carried out in the 1990s and early 2000s has opened up new strategies to fight diseases from cancer to anemia
Steven Clarke | 09 October, 2019, 17:00

"While James Peebles' theoretical discoveries contributed to our understanding of how the universe evolved after the Big Bang, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz explored our cosmic neighborhoods on the hunt for unknown planets".

A Princeton University alumnus and professor emeritus whose research helped us better understand the history of the universe has been awarded a share of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics.

Born in St. Boniface before it became part of Winnipeg, Peebles completed his undergraduate degree at the University of Manitoba and said part of his childhood was spent building or taking apart thing such as the clocks in his family's home. The other half will be shared by Swiss scientists, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz, "for the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star", the Academy said.

Mayor and Queloz discovered a Jupiter-mass planet, dubbed 51 Pegasi b.

It will be a busy day full of toasts and celebrations for James Peebles, the Canadian scientist who won the Nobel Prize for Physics on Tuesday, but he said the night will hopefully end like any other - with "a quiet dinner" with his wife.

Last year, American James Allison and Japanese Tasuku Honjo won the medicine prize for discoveries about how to harness the immune system in cancer therapies.

At a news conference in London, Queloz said the focus of research had now shifted from finding more planets to finding out more about them - about their atmosphere, chemistry and formation.

Peebles' work is a deeply theoretical look assist in time and bid at how the universe came to its present perform, largely stuffed with darkish matter and darkish energy we can't even stare.

The sitcom was a "fantastic achievement" that brought the "world of science to laptops and living rooms around the world", said Goran Hansson, secretary general of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

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Ulf Danielsson, another member of the Nobel Prize Committee, explained the importance of Peebles' contribution to physical cosmology. ReutersPeebles is a Canadian-American physicist and the Albert Einstein professor of science at Princeton University in the US. "That's what I did", he said.

"To tell you the truth, people mentioned the Nobel Prize early on when we made the discovery 20 years ago, and after some time it has been said".

The prize consists of a gold medal, a diploma and the sum of nine million Swedish kronor (about $914,000 or 833,000 euros).

All three laureates will travel to Stockholm on December 10 to accept their Nobel medals. The University of Waterloo's Donna Strickland picked up the honour in 2018 for her "method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses".

As for the award Peebles received for his work in physical cosmology, Dube said he isn't surprised.

Two literature laureates are to be announced Thursday, because last year's award was suspended after a scandal rocked the Swedish Academy.

Professor Martin Rees of the University of Cambridge said this year's awards also seemed to show a "welcome broadening of the Nobel criteria".

The award for chemistry, which the Nobel website says was "the most important science" for Alfred Nobel's own work, will be announced on Wednesday.

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